Yes, you can certainly eat a striped bass. Ask any fishing enthusiast who lives in the East Coast region and they will tell you that a striper is one of the best bass to eat.
When it comes to the bass family, there are more than a hundred varieties of bass in the world. Wild striped bass is just one among them; they are found mostly on the east coast of North America.
Another significant fact about the bass fish family is that every variety has its type of biology, preferences over habitat, and preferences over living conditions. Just because they fall under the same family group, it doesn’t mean that most of them are similar to one another.
There are a lot of things that set apart the striped bass fish from other fish. The main difference is its incredible taste!
What is a Striped Bass or Striper?
The striped bass, also called the Atlantic striped bass, rockfish or striper, is native to the Atlantic coast, from Florida to Nova Scotia. Still, they have also been introduced to other parts of the world for recreational fishing.
The striped bass is anadromous. Anadromous means that the fish can live in both the sea waters and freshwater.
The fish migrates towards the freshwaters for spawning. Spawning refers to the activity of laying eggs by the female fish. Each female fish can lay up to 3 lakh eggs. Once these eggs hatch, the baby fish are found moving to areas of saltwater after they grow to a certain size.
It is known for its distinctive striped appearance, with dark horizontal stripes running along its sides. There are about 7-8 horizontal lines on the body of the fish.
Anglers highly prize striped bass for their size, strength, and fighting ability. They can grow to significant sizes, with some individuals reaching lengths of over 4 feet (1.2 meters) and weights exceeding 50 pounds (23 kilograms).
Can You Eat Striped Bass?
Yes, striped bass is a popular fish in both home cooking and restaurant menus.
Can You Eat Striped Bass in California?
Yes, you can. However, the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) provides guidelines and advisories regarding striped bass consumption in specific California waterways. These advisories are based on the levels of contaminants/pollutants, such as mercury and PCBs, found in the fish.
For striped bass, the OEHHA issues recommendations on the frequency of consumption based on the size and origin of the fish. Generally, larger and older striped bass tend to accumulate higher levels of contaminants, so the advisory may suggest more limited consumption for larger fish.
What Does a Striped Bass Taste Like?
Striped bass has a mild and sweet flavor, often described as a cross between bass and salmon. The meat of striped bass is firm, moist, and white, with a slightly dense texture.
The flavor varies depending on how large the fish is and the specific diet it has had, but generally, it is considered to be a delicious fish that can be prepared using any cooking method.
Is Striped Bass Roe Good to Eat?
Yes, striped bass roe, also known as caviar or fish eggs, is a delicacy. Striped bass roe has a rich and unique flavor, with a slightly briny and buttery taste.
It is often used in gourmet dishes, sushi or enjoyed on its own as a luxury food item.
Why Do You Have to Remove Red Meat From Striped Bass?
The red meat in striped bass, also known as the bloodline or the lateral line, is a strip of darker-colored flesh that runs along the length of the fillet. It is typically removed before cooking for a few reasons.
The red meat in striped bass can have a stronger, more pronounced flavor compared to the white meat. Some people find this flavor to be overpowering or undesirable, so they prefer to remove it.
The red meat is also slightly tougher and chewier compared to the white meat. Removing it can result in a more tender and enjoyable eating experience.
However, some people choose to leave the red meat on, especially if they enjoy its flavor or prefer a more robust taste.
How to Clean And Fillet a Striped Bass
Watch this video to learn how to clean and fillet a striped bass:
How to Cook a Striped Bass
- Grilled Striped Bass:
- Preheat your grill to medium-high heat.
- Season the striped bass fillets with salt, pepper, and any other desired herbs or spices.
- Brush the fillets with olive oil to prevent sticking.
- Place the fillets on the grill.
- Cook for about 4-6 minutes per side, depending on the thickness of the fillets.
- Remove from the grill and let the fillets rest for a couple minutes before serving.
- Baked Striped Bass:
- Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C).
- Place the striped bass fillets in a baking dish.
- Season and drizzle the fillets with olive oil.
- Add some lemon slices/lemon juice or other citrus fruits for added flavor.
- Bake in the preheated oven for 10-15 minutes, or until the flesh flakes easily.
- Serve the baked striped bass with your choice of side dishes.
- Pan-Fried Striped Bass:
- Heat a frying pan or skillet over medium-high heat and add some cooking oil.
- Season the striped bass fillets with salt, pepper, and any desired herbs or spices.
- Place the fillets in the hot pan, skin-side down.
- Cook for 3-4 minutes per side, or until the skin is crispy and the flesh is opaque and flakes easily.
- Remove from the pan and let it rest for a few minutes before serving.
- Striped Bass En Papillote:
- Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C).
- Cut a large piece of parchment paper or aluminum foil.
- Place the striped bass fillets on the parchment paper.
- Season the fillets with salt, pepper, and any desired herbs, spices, or aromatics.
- Fold the parchment paper over the fillets and crimp the edges to create a sealed packet.
- Place the packet on a baking sheet and bake in the preheated oven for about 15-20 minutes, or until the fish is cooked through.
- Carefully open the packet to release the aromatic steam before serving.
What Are the Health Benefits of Eating Striped Bass?
Striped bass contains high-quality protein, as well as vitamins and minerals, including vitamin D, vitamin B12, selenium, potassium and omega-3 fatty acids.
Striped bass is a low-calorie and low-fat protein source, making it a suitable choice for individuals aiming to manage their weight or follow a balanced diet.
Where Are Striped Bass Found and How Are They Distributed?
Striped bass fishing is popular along the Atlantic coast from Maine to Florida. Some popular locations include Cape Cod and the Chesapeake Bay. It can also be found in certain areas along the Gulf Coast, such as the coastal regions of Texas and Louisiana.
States like California, Nevada, and Tennessee have popular striped bass fisheries in their inland waters.
They inhabit both saltwater and brackish estuarine environments, including bays, tidal rivers, and coastal waters.
The distribution of striped bass can vary throughout the year as they migrate to different areas for spawning, feeding, and overwintering. During the warmer months, they tend to migrate northward along the coast, reaching their northernmost range in the summer. In the fall, they start migrating southward, often following schools of baitfish.
It’s worth noting that regulations and fishing restrictions for striped bass can vary by location, and there may be specific size and bag limits in place to ensure sustainable fishing practices and protect the population.
Anglers need to check the local fishing regulations and adhere to any catch limits or seasonal closures in their area.