Tilapia is a hardy white fish, being incredibly disease resistant and adaptable to a large variety of different weather conditions. The name Tilapia actually covers nearly a hundred different subspecies of white freshwater fish with similar characteristics.
Because of its hardy and flexible adaptability, the tilapia is an incredibly popular fish to farm for food. As that fact might imply – yes, you can eat tilapia. In fact, the fish is actually the fourth most eaten fish in the United States. It is so popular due to its low price, and the lack of an overly fishy flavor.
There has been a huge amount of misinformation and dubious “news” that has been spread throughout social media, touting conspiracy theories about tilapia being an entirely genetically modified fish imported from Chinese fish farms. A quick fact check disproves much of this, but there are a few potential ethical concerns with the farming of this white fish.
So, if you want to find out more about the tilapia, the benefits and problems with eating it, what it tastes like and some delicious recipes for the fish, read on as we fully answer the question: can you eat a tilapia?
Benefits of Eating Tilapia
There are plenty of benefits to eating this freshwater fish if it is farmed from sustainable sources. In this next section, we will outline some of the numerous benefits that are included in the consumption of Tilapia. Firstly, the fish is incredibly high in protein and low in corresponding fats, making it a great central protein for weight loss or muscle gain diets.
It is also one of the cheapest edible fishes you can buy, which contributes to its popularity throughout the United State. This humble price tag is complimented by a richness in certain essential nutrients!
Tilapia is surprisingly nutritious for its low price point, being very high in potassium and vitamin B12 levels. This makes it an attractive addition to anybody’s diet.
On top of all this, tilapia from sustainable sources are entirely suitable for pregnant people! When this fact is combined with the high protein, and excellent richness in vitamin B12 and potassium make it a very desirable way to augment the diet of a pregnant person.
Problems of Eating Tilapia
However, there are not only benefits to tilapia consumption. As it is such a popularly farmed fish, best practices are not always observed, leading to potential issues like the following.
There is a really wide prevalence of badly farmed tilapia. Because of the fish’s hardy nature and adaptable dietary needs, some people farm tilapia in really unethical ways, with far too many of the fish in one place.
As well as being poor conditions for the animal, this confined space restraint can cause outbreaks of disease in the fish population. All of the above can lead to a degradation in flavor, sometimes making the fish taste spoiled or rancid.
Any fish farmed in this way, not just tilapia, have the potential to hold harmful toxins (like dioxin). The same is true for tilapia, and it can tend to be more common due to the large-scale farming of this fish.
To avoid the above problems, make sure you check where your tilapia is sourced from before purchasing and cooking!
What does Tilapia taste like?
So, now that we have seen the different pros and cons to the consumption of tilapia, the most important question is next. What does it taste like?
Tilapia is partially so popular due to the fact its flavor is relatively muted compared to other fish. It is not hugely fishy or flavorful when compared to the salty, umami anchovy or the decadent, fatty tuna.
The subtle flavor, one that does not overpower, is largely determined by both how and where it is raised, alongside how it is marinated or prepared.
A properly cooked tilapia will have a soft, flaky texture. If it was raised in a high-quality farm, this texture will be nicely complimented by a delicate, mild but sweet flavor.
What does raw Tilapia taste like?
Raw tilapia has a more intense sweet flavor than cooking tilapia but still not particularly overpowering. Its texture is less light, and flaky, a touch more meaty.
It is commonly used as a substitute for red snapper in various sushi recipes because of this, having a very similar texture and taste when raw. It is still very healthy to eat raw, and makes sushi that even pregnant women can eat, which cannot be said for a lot of sushi dishes.
Raw tilapia is sometimes best enjoyed after being frozen, as this shores up the texture and slightly alters the flavor of the white fish.
What does grilled Tilapia taste like?
Properly grilled tilapia has a lovely and light texture – a flaky white fish similar to the neutral cod (but even less fishy!). The inside should be slightly sweet, and the outside will take on an inviting, smoky char flavor from the grill and its searing.
Best Tilapia Recipe
Here is our favorite tilapia recipe – one that really takes advantage of the malleable flavor profile of the fish!
Tilapia Baja Style Fish Tacos
Because of tilapia’s versatile flavor, it makes a perfect addition as the white fish base for fish tacos!
- Prepare the batter – mix beer (or soda water), flour, paprika, Cayenne pepper, curry powder and baking powder together in a bowl until thick but not viscous.
- Cut the tilapia into one-inch cubes.
- Prepare some Pico de Gallo (diced tomatoes, onions, radishes, and cilantro lightly pickled in lime juice, salt, and a touch of sugar) and some guacamole (or just sliced Avocado).
- Place the fish in the batter until fully coated, and add to a pan of oil preheated to between 350 and 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Cook in the oil (do this in stages so as not to crowd the pan) until the batter has turned a crispy golden brown
- Remove the fish onto a cooling rack, and lightly salt it whilst it is cooling.
- Garnish with cilantro, sour cream (or Mexican Crema) and the sides you prepared earlier.